Income protection is an insurance policy that offers financial support after a set term.
It works by covering part of your salary when you’re unable to do your job through sickness or injury.
It’s the waiting time from when you’re first off work to when the policy starts paying out.
You can set a deferred period from between 4 to 52 weeks, the longer the delay, the cheaper your cover will be.
To choose the right term, you should check your company sick pay entitlement and work out how long you could manage your bills without extra support.
To qualify for an income protection policy, you need to be either:
You must also be within the age limits for the policy start and end date. Cover can start between 18 and 59 and go up until you reach 70 with some providers.
The job you do can affect whether or not you’re eligible for income protection.
Each occupation type is given a class rating from 1 to 5. Class 1 jobs e.g. accountants carry the lowest risk in relation to sickness or injury so the monthly premiums will be lower.
Class 5 jobs e.g. prison officers and tradespeople are deemed the most risky, and can result in very high premiums, or being refused insurance.
You can find out more about classes of jobs on the CCPC website.
You can choose an amount up to 75% of your income before tax, minus any state illness benefit you’re entitled to.
Each insurance provider also sets a maximum yearly limit on the amount you can claim e.g. €250,000.
If you earn €60,000 a year (before tax) and opt to protect 75% of your income, that reduces the amount to €45,000.
€45,000 minus the state illness benefit of €10,556* (€203 per week) is €34,444.
So, €34,444 is the amount you can insure per year, or €2,870 a month.
€2,870 is the monthly amount you would receive if you made a successful claim, until you returned to work.
If you’re self employed and earn €60,000, you could claim for the full 75% (€45,000) because you’re not entitled to the state illness benefit. This would give you €3,750 a month.
*The amount you qualify for depends on your average weekly earnings for the relevant tax year
Some providers may charge extra for benefits that others include as standard so always compare quotes and policy details.
Here are some of the benefits that may be included or cost extra:
Personal plans are designed and paid for by an individual, while group or executive plans are organised by an employer on behalf of its employees.
Additionally, you’ll need to choose between:
This offers you peace of mind that your payments will stay the same throughout your policy.
This can make budgeting easier as there’ll be no nasty surprises down the line.
You may initially pay more than with a reviewable policy, but over time, it’s likely to be the cheaper option.
With this type of policy, your payments may change over time.
Your insurer will periodically review your payments for reasons like your age, and may decide to increase them.
This gives you less control over the total cost you’ll pay over the term, although your payments may initially be lower than with a guaranteed plan.
You may be given the option of reducing your cover or removing extra benefits in order to maintain your current premium.
There are many variables that can affect the initial and ongoing cost of income protection, including:
When you apply for income protection you must answer all questions fully and honestly. If you’re later found to have withheld information, you may not receive any payout in a claim.
There are some insurance brokers who can help you find an income protection policy and four main insurers who offer it:
Here’s a breakdown of the basic terms that apply for each insurance provider:
|Insurance provider||Deferred periods||Max age at entry||Max term age||Max sum assured|
|Aviva||4, 8, 13, 26 or 52 weeks||60||70||€262,500|
|Irish Life||13, 26 or 52 weeks||54||65||€250,000|
|New Ireland||8, 13, 26, or 52 weeks||-||65||€250,000|
|Royal London||4, 8, 13, 26 or 52 weeks||59||70||€250,000|
There’s a lot to consider when choosing an income protection policy. It’s worth spending time finding the right policy and getting financial advice if you’re still unsure.
Here are some of the main things to think about:
If your quotes are higher than you can afford, try adjusting the amount of cover or benefits until it’s more affordable.
This really depends on your individual circumstances combined with factors like your age on application, your job class, and other insurance you may have.
If you’re relatively young when you take out income protection and your job is low risk, it can offer peace of mind at a reasonable monthly cost.
However, if your job is in a high risk class, you’re a smoker, or you have a poor medical history, your premiums are likely to be steep so you’ll need to weigh up your need vs affordability.
Two big positives are that income protection isn’t limited to specific illnesses like with serious illness cover and you can make multiple claims on the same policy.
It’s worth comparing other types of insurance that can offer financial support too though and checking what other cover you may already have.
Our guides on the following types of cover are a good place to start:
No. If you’re able to work a second job, you’re not entitled to claim payments for your primary job.
No, a claim only applies if you’re unable to work because of an illness or injury.
No, it isn’t a savings plan so you can’t cash your premiums in.
You must also maintain your payments for as long as you need protection. If you stop paying your premiums, you won’t be eligible to claim.
You’re entitled to tax relief on your premiums at the highest rate of tax you pay, up to a maximum of 10% of your annual salary.
You can find out more about how to claim tax relief on the revenue.ie website.
You can claim for as long as you’re off sick through illness or disability, up until either:
You can make multiple claims on the same policy.
If you have a high risk job e.g. manual work that means you can’t get an income protection policy, there is a cheaper alternative that works in the same way called Wage Protector.
The period you can claim for may have restrictions and terms attached so check the small print before you sign up.
It depends on the insurance provider and policy you’ve taken out. In some cases it doesn’t affect your premiums or the cover you would get in a claim.
However, you should check your policy details and then contact your insurer if you’re still unsure.
Letting your insurer know about your new job will ensure you’re still covered in the event of a claim, even if this means paying a higher premium.
Unfortunately, if you lose your job while you’re claiming on your income protection policy, the payments will stop.
This is where cover increases in line with inflation. For example, your premiums may go up each year by 3.5% in exchange for a 3% increase in cover.
The indexation option offers some protection against rising living costs if you have to make a claim.
There are several differences but the main ones are outlined below.
An income protection policy will pay out if you’re unable to work due to any long term illness or disability. You’ll also get monthly payments until you return to work and can claim multiple times.
With critical or serious illness cover, you can only claim if you get one of the illnesses specified in the policy and it must meet the definition terms. You’ll receive a tax free lump sum payment per claim, rather than a monthly income.
You can cancel at any time but your benefit will cease immediately, meaning that you won’t be eligible to claim if you then become unwell.
You should think carefully before stopping your policy because you’ll almost certainly have to pay a higher premium in the future due to your age or any health conditions you might develop.
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