Mortgage protection insurance offers financial protection to you and your mortgage lender. Here are the different types and how to get the right cover.
It’s important to get the right mortgage protection policy for what may be your biggest financial asset and most important purchase - your home.
It’s a type of insurance that runs for the length of your mortgage and will pay off your loan if you were to die during that term.
Mortgage protection is compulsory and must be taken out when you get a mortgage. It will cover the full loan amount you borrow - also known as the sum assured.
It works differently from a regular life insurance policy which isn’t linked to your mortgage, but mortgage protection is a type of life insurance.
They both pay out on your death but with life insurance, the sum assured is paid to your beneficiaries and with mortgage protection, it’s paid to your bank and any remaining funds are then sent to your beneficiaries after the loan is cleared.
Yes, having mortgage protection is a condition of getting a mortgage. Your lender is required by law to ensure you have sufficient protection in place to cover the value of the loan.
It also gives you peace of mind knowing that your dependants can continue living in your home without the financial burden of paying the mortgage.
You can apply for mortgage protection insurance if you’re aged between 18 and 74.
There are some circumstances where your lender may decide mortgage protection isn’t necessary, these are the exceptions:
There are two main types of mortgage protection and which one you need will depend on your circumstances. Here are the two types and why you might choose them:
With reducing or decreasing term cover, the cover reduces at the rate of interest you choose.
You should choose a rate that allows for increases in your mortgage rate, to ensure there’s enough cover to clear the balance.
You pay the same amount each month but the amount of cover steadily decreases as you pay off your mortgage.
If a claim is made, the remaining mortgage balance at that time should be paid off.
This type of cover is suitable for repayment mortgages, where you pay off the interest and capital of the loan over a set period. At the end of the term the mortgage is completely paid off and your cover has reduced to zero.
Level term cover is for the full mortgage balance and doesn’t reduce over time. So, whether a claim is made after one year or 21 years, the payout would be the same.
This is suitable for interest only mortgages, where the capital doesn’t get paid off, only the interest of the loan - so the mortgage value stays the same.
A level term policy is more expensive than a reducing term policy because the cover doesn’t decrease.
If you’re not sure which type of mortgage is best for you, our guide: Should you get an interest only mortgage? compares the two types.
As well as paying off your mortgage in the event of your death, there are some additional features that are either included, or you can choose to add on.
The main add on you can get is serious illness cover, also known as specified illness or critical illness cover.
When you add this benefit to your mortgage protection policy, it’s known as ‘accelerated’ serious illness cover.
You choose an amount up to 100% of your mortgage protection cover which can be paid out if you’re diagnosed with one of the illnesses listed in the policy document.
If you make a claim, your cover will reduce by the amount paid out, and any remaining balance would be paid if you later died during the term.
Most policies include two lists of illnesses - one that entitles you to the full cover amount, and one that entitles you to a partial payment. Here are some examples of each:
|Full cover conditions||Partial cover conditions|
|Blindness - permanent and irreversible||Crohn’s Disease (treated with surgical intestinal resection)|
|Cardiac Arrest - with insertion of a defibrillator||Less advanced cancers with specified surgery or surgical removal|
|Kidney Failure - requiring dialysis||Pituitary tumour – resulting in permanent symptoms or surgery|
|Loss of limb||Significant Visual Impairment - permanent and irreversible|
|Loss of speech - permanent and irreversible||Surgical removal of one eye|
|Parkinson’s Disease - resulting in permanent symptoms||Third degree burns - covering at least 5% of the body’s surface or 25% of the face’s surface|
You can find out more about serious illness cover in our dedicated guide: Should you get critical illness cover?
Once your mortgage is cleared, you can convert your policy into a life insurance policy without answering additional medical questions.
So, if you’ve developed a medical condition since taking out mortgage protection, you won’t have to declare it or pay the higher premium you’d normally be charged.
This add on may not be available if you have added serious illness cover to your policy.
If you’re diagnosed with a serious condition, you can get a second opinion from another specialist about the diagnosis and any treatment plan that’s been given.
This cover usually extends to family members too and may be included as standard with some policies.
Anyone named on the mortgage will need cover. You can get single cover if the mortgage is in your name only, or joint cover if you have a joint mortgage.
If two of you are on the mortgage, you have the choice of a joint or dual life policy:
A joint policy will pay out on the death of the first person only, and then end.
Dual life protection can pay out twice, and is sometimes no more expensive than a joint policy.
For example, if your partner was to die during the policy term, the mortgage would be cleared.
Cover would then continue for you and if you also died before the term ended, a second payout would be made and go to your estate.
Not all providers offer dual life policies and you may not be able to add serious illness cover to your policy.
There are several insurers and financial brokers that offer mortgage protection in addition to banks. Here are some of the main insurers:
You can choose to go through a financial broker if you want advice on the right mortgage protection for your needs.
Mortgage protection cover can start from as little as €10 a month, but you should make sure you get the level of protection you need.
There are a few things that can affect the cost of your premium:
Whether you apply directly to the insurer, or go via a financial broker, it’s vital you answer all questions honestly, even if this means paying more for your cover.
If you don’t make a full disclosure of relevant facts including your medical details and history, it can result in the following:
When you’re looking for a mortgage protection policy, you’ll need to consider what features will be useful to you.
Here are a few pointers to choosing the right policy:
Mortgage protection is just one of the insurance products you need when buying a house.
Our guide: What insurance do you need with your mortgage? explains the other types to consider.
Find the best first time buyer and home mover mortgage deals in Ireland using our comparison.
No, and it’s not usually a good idea either. This is because they will have very limited choice to offer you and you may miss out on a better deal.
By shopping around, you can get a policy that closely matches your needs for the best price.
Not necessarily. If you already have life insurance that covers the value of your mortgage, you could allocate that to your lender, instead of your beneficiaries.
This would mean your mortgage being paid to the bank on your death, and only the excess (if there was any) would go to your loved ones.
It is easier to have two separate policies - mortgage protection to cover your mortgage, and life insurance for your beneficiaries.
No, mortgage protection life cover is not a savings or investment plan. It’s only in the event of a successful claim that any payment will be made.
You mustn’t stop making payments or you’ll be breaching the terms of your mortgage.
Mortgage protection is designed to protect both you and the lender from huge financial risk.
If the worst happened and you weren’t covered, your property would be seized and your family would lose any rights to your home.
You can choose a term up to 40 years, but most policies must end by the time you reach 85 years of age.
A life insurance policy is usually for a set term and only pays out if you were to die during that term.
A life assurance policy is more of a longer term investment product that runs until you die, rather than for a pre-set term. This makes it more expensive because it’s guaranteed to pay out.